Caelius Aurelianus (fl. 5th century CE) was a Roman physician and writer on medical topics, of Sicca in Numidia. He is best known for his translation from Greek. Stud Anc Med. ; Compassion in Soranus’ Gynecology and Caelius Aurelianus’ On Chronic Diseases. Porter AJ. Compassion is considered an. Sympathy and Compassion in Soranus’ Gynecology and Caelius Aurelianus’ On Chronic Diseases (Abstract). Amber J Porter. Uploaded by. Amber J Porter.
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Caelius Aurelianus of Sicca in Numidia was a Roman physician and writer on medical topics. He probably flourished in the 5th century, although some place him two or even three centuries earlier.
We possess a translation by Aurelianus of two works of Soranus of Ephesus 2nd centurythe chief representative of the methodic school of medicine, on chronic and acute maladies—Tardae or Chronicae Passiones, in five, and Celeres or Acutae Passiones in three books.
The translation, which is especially valuable since the original has been lost, shows that Soranus possessed considerable practical skill in the diagnosis of both ordinary and exceptional diseases. It is also important in that it contains numerous references to the methods of earlier medical authorities.
We also possess considerable fragments of his Medicinales Responsiones, also adapted from Soranus, a general treatise on medicine in the form of questions and answers; it deals with rules of health salutaria praecepta and the pathology of internal diseases ed. RoseAnecdota Graeca et Latina, ii. There is apparently no manuscript of the treatises in existence.
In his texts, Aurelianus writes about the 2nd century Greek physician Apollonius Glaucusauthor of several works on internal diseases. Aurelianus quotes a passage on the subject of lumbrici. The translation, which is especially valuable since the original has been lost, shows that Soranus possessed considerable practical skill in the diagnosis of both ordinary and The name Caelius sometimes spelled Coelius is an ancient Roman nomen.
It is also noticed in Etruscan inscriptions as Caile. In anatomy, the scapula plural scapulae or scapulasalso known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus upper arm bone with the clavicle collar bone. Like their connected bones the scapulae are paired, with the scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other.
The name derives from early Roman times when it was thought that the bone resembled a trowel or small shovel. In compound terms, the prefix omo- is used for the shoulder blade in Latin medical terminology.
Aurelinaus scapula forms the back of the shoulder girdle. In humans, it is a flat bone, roughly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage.
Soranus of Ephesus Greek: He was born in Ephesus but practiced in Alexandria and subsequently in Rome, and was one of the chief representatives of the Methodic school of medicine. Several of his writings still survive, most notably his four-volume treatise on gynaecology, and a Latin translation of his On Acute and Chronic Diseases.
Life Little is known about the life of Soranus.
Caelius Aurelianus | Greco-Roman physician |
According to the Suda which has two entries on him  he was a native of Ephesus, was the son of Cwelius and Phoebe, and practised medicine at Alexandria and Caeliud in the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian 98— He lived at least as early as Archigenes, who used one of his medicines; he was tutor to Statilius Attalus of Heraclea; and he was dead when Galen wrote his work De Methodo Medendi, c.
Little else is known about his life, except that he passed some t He lived on the island of Cos in the 4th century BC. With his brothers-in-law, Thessalus and Draco, he was one of the founders of the Dogmatic school of medicine. He was sent by Hippocrates, with his fellow-pupils, during the time of the plague, to assist different cities with his medical skill. He has been supposed, by both ancient and modern scholars, to be the author of several works in the Hippocratic collection.
He was a follower of the teachings of Herophilos, and studied at the celebrated Herophilean school at the village of Men-Carus, between Laodicea and Carura.
De Herophili Sectaof which the thirteenth book is quoted by Galen, but which is no longer extant. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Little, Brown and Company. The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria. Caelius Aurelianus, De Morb.
Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease HDis a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis. At the time, it auelianus known as the Year of the Consulship of Stilicho and Aurelianus or, less frequently, year Ab urbe condita. The denomination for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
She is able to wear the purple paludamentum and is depicted in Roman currency. Anthemius, praetorian prefect of the East, is sent on an embassy to the Persian capital, Ctesiphon, to congratulate King Yazdegerd I on his accession the year before. Gainas, an ambitious Gothic leader, attempts to evacuate his soldiers out of the city, but 7, aruelianus Go If he is the physician who is said by Galen to have belonged to the Methodic school, he must have lived in or after the caeliys century BC; and this date will agree very well with the fact of his being quoted by Andromachus, Scribonius Largus, and Caelius Aurelianus.
Athenaeus of Attalia 1st century ADwas a physician, and the founder of the Pneumatic school of medicine. Athenaeus appears to have written extensively, as the twenty-fourth volume of one of his works is quoted by Galen, and the twenty-ninth by Oribasius.
It suits his doctrine to speak of a containing cause in illness since he bases himself upon the Stoics and he was a pupil and disciple of Posidonius Proclus or Proklos Greek: He belonged to the medical sect of the Methodici.
He is no doubt the same physician who is called Proculus in our present editions of Caelius Aurelianus, where he is said to have been one of the followers of Themison, and his opinion on the different kinds of dropsy is quoted.
He may also be the same person whose remedy for aurelianux gout and sciatica is mentioned by Paul of Aegina and Joannes Actuarius. Paul of Aegina, iii.
Joannes Actuarius, De Meth. Serapion of Alexandria Greek: Soranus also says that he and Hippocrates were summoned to the court of Perdiccas II of Macedon; but this story is considered very doubtful, if not altogether apocryphal. He is mentioned in a corrupt fragment of the comic poet Plato, preserved by Galen.
Of his works nothing is now extant except a few fragments, unless he is the author of the treatises in the Hippocratic col Leonidas followed Galen in advocating the excision of breast cancer via a wide cut through normal tissues, but recommended alternate incision and cautery, which became the standard for the next 15 centuries. He provided the first detailed description of a mastectomy, which included the first description of nipple retraction as a clinical sign of breast cancer, and advocated systemic “detoxification of aurelianks body”.
Antiphanes of Faelius Greek: He has been quoted by Caelius Aurelianus and Galen, and must therefore have lived some time in uarelianus before the 2nd century AD. He is mentioned by Clement of Alexandria as having said “the sole cause of diseases in man was the too great variety of his food. Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
The obverse depicts a head of Roma, the reverse Victoria driving a biga. The nomen is usually written Caelius in manuscripts, while Coelius or Coilius is regularly found on coins.
The name is frequently confused with the more common Caecilius. Although the Caelii asserted their great antiquity, the first of this gens who obtained the consulship was Gaius Caelius Caldus in 94 BC. Themison of Laodicea Greek: He differed from his teacher on several points in his old age, and became the founder of a new sect called the Methodic school Methodiciwhich long exercised an extensive influence on medical science.
Libri Periodici; Epistolae in at least nine books; Celeres Passiones in at least two boo Pigeon chicks, approximately 20 days-of-age In culinary terminology, squab is a young aurelianuus pigeon, typically under four weeks old, or its meat.
The meat is widely described as tasting like dark chicken. The term is probably of Scandinavian origin; the Swedish word skvabb means “loose, fat flesh”. More recently, squab meat comes almost entirely from domesticated pigeons.
The meat of dove and pigeon gamebirds hunted primarily for sport is rarely called squab. Although squab has been consumed throughout much of recorded history, it is generally regarded as exotic, not a Along with fellow physician Herophilus, he founded a school of anatomy in Alexandria, where they carried out anatomical research.
He is credited for his description of the valves of the heart, and he also concluded that the heart was not the center of sensations, but instead it functioned as a pump. Erasistratus was among the first to distinguish between veins and arteries. He believed that the arteries were full of air and that they carried the “animal spirit” pneuma.
He considered atoms to be the essential body element, and he believed they were vitalized by the pneuma that circulated through the nerves. He also thought that the nerves moved a nervous spirit from the brain. He then differentiated between the function of the sensory and motor nerves, and linked them to the brain. He is credited with one of the first in-depth descriptions of the cerebrum caeliu cerebellum.
References Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans London. Smith, William, Sir A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology Vol.
Little, Brown and Co. Apollonius Antiochenus, or Apollonius of Antiochwas the name of two physicians, father and son, who were born at Antioch, and belonged to the Empiric school.
They lived after Serapion of Alexandria, and before Menodotus, and therefore lived in the 2nd or 1st century BC. Apollonius Archistrator, was the author of a medical prescription quoted by Andromachus, and must therefore have lived in or aurelixnus the 1st century BC.
Nothing is known about the events of his life.
Celio Aureliano Caelius Aurelianus
Apollonius Biblas, lived probably in the 2nd century BC, and wrote, after Zeno’s death, a book in answer to a work he composed on the meaning of certain marks charakteres that are found at the end of some chapters in the third book of the Epidemics of Hippocrates.
Zeno or Zenon, Greek: He lived probably at the end of the 3rd and beginning of the 2nd centuries BC, as he was a contemporary of Apollonius Empiricus, with whom he carried on a controversy concerning the meaning of certain marks Greek: He is mentioned in several other passages by Galen, and also by Erotianus; perhaps also by Pliny, Caelius Aurelianus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, and Rufus of Ephesus, but this is uncertain.
Notes Galen, De Differ. Philistion of Locri Philistion of Locri Greek: He was a native of Locri in Italy, but was also referred to as “the Sicilian.