History Begins at Sumer has ratings and 33 reviews. Yann said: Dans ce livre, Samuel Noah Kramer met les écrits sumériens à l’honneur, plus qu’il ne. History Begins at Sumer. ThirtyNine Firsts in Recorded History. Samuel Noah Kramer. University of Pennsylvania Press. Philadelphia. Read the full-text online edition of History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History ().
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Sumerology, as the reader may surmise, is not reckoned among the essential disciplines even in the largest American universities, and my chosen path was hardly paved with gold. Reverse of text of Schooldays, plate 4 20 1 6. In I traveled to Istanbul as a Guggenheim Fellow, and, with the full cooperation of the Turkish Directorate of Antiquities and of its authorized museum officials, I copied from the Nippur collection of its museum more than tablets and fragments inscribed with portions of Sumerian literary works.
As a thirty-nkne, except for a few broken signs, practically the entire text of the document was pieced together and restored. The tablet is square in shape, nine by nine inches; it is therefore smaller in area than a standard sheet of typewriter paper. A second time Gilgamesh, the lord of Kullab, Before the fighting men of his city put the matter, seeks out the word: It had so much promise when I first picked it up.
Page 48 It was during these cruel wars and their tragic aftermath that the citizens hidtory Lagash found themselves deprived of their political and economic freedom.
Page 33 before “the convened assembly of the elders of his city” with an urgent plea not to submit to Kish but to take up anns and fight for victory. I’ll repeat it to you. Not, of course, because he is particularly profound or clairvoyant, unusually sagacious or emdite.
Page 16 You told me to go to school, recite my assignment, open my schoolbag, write my tablet, while my ‘big brother’ is to write my new tablet. Far to the east of Erech, in Persia, lay Aratta, another city-state. Our poem begins with a preamble that sings the greatness of Erech and Kullab a district recorred Erech or in its immediate neighborhood from the very begin- Page 20 rung of time, and stresses its superiority over Aratta as a result of the goddess Inanna’s preference.
Yet today the Sumerians are one of the best-known peoples of the ancient Near East. I’m one of those people.
It is this Semitic Bilalama code, therefore, which seemed to be entitled to priority honors untilwhen I was privileged to copy and translate a tablet inscribed with part of a law code promulgated by a Sumerian Icing named Ur-Nammu. The new king’s first acts had to do with the political and military safety of Ur and Sumer.
Still, many of these were the faults of the time and it was an easy and stimulating read. There is little doubt that sometime before the end of the third millennium B.
History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History
Like the university professor of today, many of these ancient scholars depended on their teaching salaries for their livelihood, and devoted themselves to research and writing in their spare time.
I was disappointed with this book. It was obtained from an antique dealer. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Our poet is all too brief; he merely mentions the Erech “congress” and its two assemblies, without giving any further details.
Page xxiv the grammar of the long-dead Sumerian language is now fairly well known, as a result of the cumulative contributions of scholars over the past hundred years. Composed by an anonymous schoolteacher who lived about B. Nevertheless, in spite of textual difficulties and lexical perplexities, a number of reasonably trustworthy translations of the Sumerian thirtyy-nine works have appeared in recent years.
In Sumer, a good millennium before the Hebrews wrote down their Bible and the Greeks their Iliad and Odyssey, we find a rich and mature literature consisting of myths and epic tales, hymns and lamentations, and numerous collections of proverbs, fables, and essays. I guess I thought scribery would have more to say about cows and hay bales than about gods and heroes.
History Begins at Sumer | Samuel Noah Kramer
The two forces met in the Gana-ugigga of the Guedinna, not far south of the border. The text of this unique historical inscription has been found inscribed in practically identical language on two clay cylinders.
Emulate your older brother. The archaeologists and scholars who, some hundred years ago, began excavating in that part of the Middle East known as Mesopotamia were looking not for Sumerians but for Assyrians and Babylonians. How was the final consensus sumet the body as a whole obtained? They hated school and education and made their fathers sick to death with their everlasting gripes and complaints.
History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History by Samuel Noah Kramer
The people will admire approvingly, Utu will sumeer on with joyful eye; The people of Aratta, [Four lines omitted. In I traveled once again to Istanbul and copied another hundred- odd pieces, practically all inscribed with portions of myths and epic tales; these are now being prepared for publication.
Here, too, will be found an excellent representative cross section of their material culture — the columns and bricks with which they built their temples recorxed palaces, their tools and weapons, pots and vases, harps and lyres, jewels and ornaments. Actually its secular ruler was the ishakku, who ruled the city as the representative of the tutelary deity to whom, in accordance with the Sumerian world view, the city had been thirty-ninne after the creation. Indeed — and this is where archaeology, because of its Pagexxi mute and static character, is usually least productive — we can even penetrate to a certain extent into their hearts and souls.
But in the centuries that followed, the Sumerian scribes and teachers gradually so modified and molded their system of writing that it completely lost its histoty character and became a highly conventionalized and purely phonetic system of writing. It was for hisyory purpose of continuing this task that I was awarded a Fulbright research pro- Page xxvii fessorship to Turkey for the academic year Night and day you waste in pleasures.