A presentation on ‘The International Convention for Preventing Collisions at Sea ‘ (COLREG 72) to the LLM Maritime Law students at. (c) Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the. Government of any State with respect to additional station or signal . for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG),. Prof. Manuel Ventura. MSc in Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture. a. COLREG. 2. COLREG.

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Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 21 July This section does not cite any sources.

On the other hand, steamships can manoeuvre in all degrees of direction and can be manoeuvred irrespective of the presence or absence of wind. In Rule 9 a vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway is obliged to keep “as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and practicable.

As a result, there were inconsistencies and even contradictions that gave rise to unintended collisions. Rule 25 covers light requirements for sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars. Archived from the original on 4 August In other areas where such schemes did not exist the number of collisions rose sharply. IMO has endeavoured to make the information on this website as accurate as possible but cannot take responsibility for any errors.

Rule 12 states action to be taken when two sailing vessels are approaching one another. Rule 23 covers lights to be carried by power-driven vessels underway. The Racing Rules of Sailingwhich govern the conduct of yacht and dinghy racing under the sanction of national sailing authorities which are members of the International Sailing Federation ISAFare based on the COLREGs, but differ in some important matters such as overtaking and right of way close to turning marks in competitive sailing.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Rather, there can be a “give way” burdened vessel and a “stand on” privileged vessel, or there may be two give way vessels with no stand on vessel. International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea.

In amendments were made concerning the positioning of lights on vessels. A new paragraph f was added, stressing that a vessel which was required not to impede the colgeg of another vessel should take early action to allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other vessel.

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Rule 14 deals with head-on situations. Admiralty court Vice admiralty court. Please improve this article by correcting them.

They have been amended several times since their first adoption. Contracting Parties shall use the provisions of the Code for Implementation in the execution of their obligations and responsibilities contained in the present Convention.

One of the most important innovations in the COLREGs was the recognition colrsg to traffic collreg schemes – Rule 10 gives guidance in determining safe speed, the risk of collision and the conduct of vessels operating in or near traffic separation schemes. It was operated on a voluntary basis 19722 first but in the IMO Assembly adopted a resolution stating that that observance of all traffic separation schemes be made mandatory – and the COLREGs make this obligation clear.

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International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea

Retrieved 6 June Also incourts in the England and the United States adopted common law pertaining to reasonable speed within the Assured Clear Distance Ahead. Sailing vessels are limited as coleg their manoeuvrability in that they cannot sail directly into the wind and cannot be readily navigated in the absence of wind.


The resulting rules were adopted in and effected in Congress of the United States.

Rule 36 covers signals to be used to attract attention. To enable this to be done as quickly as possible the MSC has been authorized to adopt and amend traffic separation schemes on behalf of the Organization.

Section II – Conduct of vessels in sight of one another Rules The importance of using “all available means” is further stressed in.

Whether any given rate is dangerous or not must depend upon the circumstances of each individual case, as the state of the weather, locality, and other similar facts. Retrieved from ” https: In the United States, the rules for vessels navigating inland are published alongside the international rules.

A vessel that has the wind free or sailing before or with the wind must get out of the way of the vessel that is close-hauled, or sailing by or against it and the vessel on the starboard tack has a right to keep her course, and the one on the larboard tack must give way or be answerable for the consequences. It was also to clarify that if a vessel is obliged to cross traffic lanes it should do so as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of the traffic flow.

Collision Regulations (COLREG 1972)

19772 recommendations were made by a S. Inthe United States codified its common law rules for preventing collisions. This section has multiple issues. In the United States convened the first international maritime conference in Washington, D. The summary below is based upon [ clarification needed ] but is not identical to the published text.