Lev Nikolayevich Gumilyov was a Soviet historian, ethnologist, anthropologist and translator from Persian. He had a reputation for his highly non-orthodox theories of ethnogenesis . Москва: Наука. The Hsiung-nu in China (); Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of Earth (); Ancient Rus and the Great Steppe (). This chapter discusses Gumilev’s theory of ethnogenesis. Generally speaking, ethnogenesis proceeded in the following manner. At certain historical moments. Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of Earth has 98 ratings and 9 reviews.

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Thus we know that time, as a category, exists, but unless we see its limits we have no chance of giving a generally accepted definition of time. Drawing inspiration from the works of Konstantin Leontyev and Nikolay DanilevskyGumilyov regarded Russians as a “super-ethnos” which is kindred to Turkic-Mongol peoples of the Eurasian steppe.

The approach suggested here is nothing other than the analysis, i. The crossing of various ethnoi sometimes yields a new stable form, but sometimes leads to degeneration. Banal Eurocentrism is sufficient for Philistine perception but not suitable for scientific comprehension of the diversity of the observed phenomena.

The genesis of the phenomenon remains an open question, but it is an undoubted fact that a ‘philosophy of faith’ arose at that time, and in those regions, which provides a real link, to Jaspers’ mind, between nations and cultures. Soon, in the place of steppe which, even though dry, fed herds, salt marshes arise, and the biosphhere gives way to boosphere matter, not forever, of course, but for a long time.


Lev Gumilev. Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere

A geographically monolithic region thus proved to be divided into two ethno-cultural aand by no means friendly to one another. Take the example of the thirteenth century when feudalism nourished from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

And around was a stony desert of fragments of disintegrated rocks, shingle, and boulders, through which neither tree nor shrub penetrated. Between West and East.

Ethnogenesis, Passionarnost′, and the Biosphere

Talk about the unreliability of subjective perception is idle chatter. Khunny HunniNauka, Moscow,pp. In the s and s he participated in several expeditions to the Volga Delta and to the North Caucasus. From high biospgere it is clear that such unlike ethnoi as Spaniards and Swedes, Scots and Neapolitans, English and Czechs, constitute an entity, are aware of biospheere, and even call themselves the ‘Christian world’, excluding from that definition the Greeks, Bulgarians, Russians, and Irish.

The Hsien Pei confederacy disintegrated, lasting only half-a-century.

Lev Gumilyov – Wikipedia

To achieve this purpose one must be very attentive to ancient traditional information about the world, and not to reject it in advance because it does not correspond to our modern notions and ideas.

In his view, born of long concern with archaeological, i. This situation explains why the country remained without a single name.

Try and imagine yourself in the place of this newcomer from outer space, on the assumption that he is anthropomorphous and thinks in the categories of earthly logic. The aborigines decided that he was carrying the sun in his pocket. Cornell Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. The sultan of Iconium settled the arrivals in Brussa, on the border with Nicaea, to wage a border war with the ‘infidel’ Greeks.


Other explanations had to be found. A spontaneous development of social forms through socioeconomic formations is inherent only in man, who lives in a collective, and is not linked in any way with his biological structure.

Where does our problem fit in? It was also necessary to have horses, roughly four or five per man, taking the wagon train or pack train into account.

The heirs of the Hunni, the Tyrians, began to incorporate whole tribes. In the descriptions of the capture of the city of Urahai Mongolian or Heshuicheng Chinese there is no such information. It was very difficult to send foot soldiers across the desert, because they had to carry not only food with them, but also water, which greatly increased the baggage train. That posing of the matter calls for analysis, i.

This chapter discusses Gumilev’s theory of ethnogenesis. Nevertheless we need not ethnogfnesis hope of success because there remains the path of scientific deduction. Lev Nikolayevich Gumilyov Russian: And it is not worth getting discouraged because the first forecasts did not turn out. Jan 26, vhatos rated it really liked it. The aspect in which mankind appears as an anthropofauna may seem extravagant, but Darwin and Engels laid the foundations for such a study.